Lessons Learned About Gardening

Understanding the Butterfly Koi

Butterfly koi are beautiful ornamental fish that come with long, flowing fins and brightly patterned scales. They’re actually hybrids of the typical koi fish and carp, although they are often mistaken for goldfish.

Butterfly koi grow quite long – up to 36 inches – so they need spacious ponds.The type of outdoor pond needed by butterfly koi depends on the environment. They normally thrive in temperatures between 32 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Large Japanese koi are often found in mud ponds, but experts advise against drilling a hole outside and filling it to make a simple pond, as the water cannot remain clear due to soil and planktonic algae.

It’s not enough to have filler systems, so mud ponds should come with a drainage system to take out the impurities. Maintaining the pond means it should be completely drained and cleaned regularly. A lot of space is needed by butterfly koi so they can swim and spread their fins freely. Ponds have to be clean and filtered, and liners help them stay this way.

In-ground ponds can have liners that keep the soil away from the water. The evenness or shape of the surface dictates whether liners should be rigid or flexible. Steel-meshed concrete or prefabrigated fiberglass sealed with polyurethane is the material used to make liners.

Butterfly koi also thrive in level above-ground ponds. Generally made of plastic, wood, fiberglass or wood, you can have prefab ornament ponds on cement surfaces or backyard decks.

Smaller kits may come in plastic or wood. Wherever you place the pond, make it a point that the container (with water, 8 pounds per gallon) can be supported by the surface.

Pond Maintenance

Too much aquatic vegetation or other fish can be stressful for butterfly koi, so make sure your ponds are always clean and well-aerated. These kois need a constant pH balance of 6.8 to 7.2. A well-balanced pond prevents algae growth, especially when there are aquatic plants.

You can restore a pond’s ecological balance by adding organic materials such as barley straw and salts, which remove excess phosphates and nitrates in the water. The filters must also be cleaned bimonthly, and water temperature should be monitored so that consistency can be maintained through the entire process. To keep water aerated and circulating, it helps to add a waterfall or fountain. Water temperature has to be maintained at 65 to 75 F, although 32 to 95 degrees is fine as long if the fluctuations aren’t dramatic.

Butterfly Koi Care

First off, pond water has to be well-aerated. The pump should also be kept clean so that water can circulate. Finally, because plants draw oxygen, it is good to reduce the vegetation so that the water is rejuvenated.